backup script

Recently I made a backup script with python2.7, and it worked fine by now. So I think it might be a good idea to share it here.

Install megaFuse

The first thing you need to do is to install megaFuse

Install additional packages:

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sudo apt-get install libcrypto++-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libdb5.1++-dev libfreeimage-dev libreadline-dev libfuse-dev

Compile megaFuse

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cd MegaFuse
make

Fill in your mega username, password and mountpoint in megafuse.conf, just as follows:

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USERNAME = username@email.com
PASSWORD = your_password
MOUNTPOINT = /media/mega

Enable MegaFuse

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sudo ./MegaFuse -f -o allow_other -o uid=1000

Run MegaFuse at system boot

Save the following code as a bash file, e.g. start_mega.sh. Then run the file automatically every time the OS boots by using Startup Applications on ubuntu, note that you should modify /path/to/MegaFuse to the correct one

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#!/bin/bash
sleep 100
echo "yourpassword" | sudo -S /path/to/MegaFuse/MegaFuse -c /path/to/MegaFuse/megafuse.conf -f -o allow_other -o uid=1000

Why do you need sleep 100? I don’t know either. I tried to add the line /path/to/MegaFuse -c /path/to/megafuse.conf -f -o allow_other -o uid=1000 in the file /etc/rc.local before, but it failed. I don’t know why. And it almost caused my PC fail to boot because it output way too many errors in /var/log/syslog file. Finally I decided to put it in Startup Applications. Notice that I used sudo here, and you have to put your password in plaintext. This is a security risk. But I don’t know to make it work without it, because you need to have root permission to mount it. If you know how to work without sudo, I’d like to hear your opinion.

MegaTools

You also need MegaTools to run this script, I put the tools in /usr/local/bin/ to make it work.

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~/Development/demos$ ls /usr/local/bin|grep mega
megacopy
megadf
megadl
megaget
megals
megamkdir
megaput
megareg
megarm

my python backup script

My backup script was written with python. But I think maybe bash script would be easier. Anyway, this is my backup file

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#!/usr/bin/env python
import subprocess
import os
import datetime
import re
import logging
if __name__ == "__main__":
# the location in mega where you want to put your files
BACKUP_DIRECOTORY = "Backups"
# local location in which mega was mounted using MegaFuse
MOUNTED_LOCATION = "/media/mega"
# BACKUP_LIST: files you want to back up
# file: the file that you want to backup
# count: how many versions you want to keep
# name: backup basename
BACKUP_LIST = [
{'file': '/var/www/html',
'count': 3,
'name': 'html'},
{'file': '/home/searene/Documents/blog/source/_posts',
'count': 3,
'name' : 'blog'}
]
devnull = open(os.devnull, 'w')
if not os.path.exists(os.path.join(MOUNTED_LOCATION, BACKUP_DIRECOTORY)):
os.makedirs(os.path.join(MOUNTED_LOCATION, BACKUP_DIRECOTORY))
for f in BACKUP_LIST:
today = datetime.datetime.today()
backup_path = os.path.join(MOUNTED_LOCATION, BACKUP_DIRECOTORY, f['name'])
if not os.path.exists(backup_path):
os.makedirs(backup_path)
backup_name = '{}-TIME-{}.tar.gz'.format(os.path.join(backup_path, f['name']), today.strftime("%Y-%m-%d-%H-%M-%S"))
logging.info('tar...')
subprocess.call(['tar', '-zcvf', backup_name, f['file']], stdout=devnull)
file_list = subprocess.check_output(['/usr/local/bin/megals', backup_path]).split('\n')
file_list = [x for x in file_list if re.match(r'{}-TIME-.*'.format(f['name']), x)]
if len(file_list) > f['count']:
redundant_files = sorted(file_list, reverse=True)[f['count']:]
for f in redundant_files:
logging.info('{} is deprecated, removing'.format(redundant_files))
subprocess.call(['rm', os.path.join(backup_path, f)])

run the backup script every day at 5:00pm

run crontab -e, add the following line

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0 17 * * * python /home/searene/Tools/backupMega.py
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